Indoor air pollution is increasingly becoming one of the greatest concerns around the world, even greater than outdoor pollution. Former is claiming more lives than the later. This is because the studies suggest, indoor air can be 10% more polluted than outdoor air. Most of us spend most of our times indoor and this is why deteriorating air quality has a far more impact on our health than we can imagine. India is unfortunately taking the biggest brunt as it is among the top most countries when it comes to polluted indoor air.
The Current Scenario
Unfortunately, the stats suggest that India is among the most polluted countries especially when it comes to indoor air. The confined spaces become a heaven for the toxins as they can grow more rapidly. According to Hindustan Times, indoor air pollution claims a million lives every year in India alone. It indicates that the indoor air pollution is second biggest killer in India after high blood pressure. Besides the loss of lives, air contamination also causes nausea, headache, dizziness, cough and increased risk of cancer and asthma.
Besides that, the journal Atmospheric Environment suggests that 27.5% of under 5 mortality in India is due to indoor air pollution.
Causes of Indoor Air Pollution in India
Some of the causes contributing to indoor air contaminations in India are enlisted here;
According to US National Library of Medicine, the greatest contributor of indoor air pollution in India is the burning of solid fuels. The stats suggest that 80% of the rural population is using biomass for combustion. Using solid fuel for cooking is one of the greatest contributor to indoor air pollution, causing millions of deaths.
Asbestos released from the construction material is another big contributor to air contamination indoors. Increased use of synthetic material now days in construction has resulted in emission of toxins in the indoor air. Paints, coatings and tiles are main sources of asbestos.
Tobacco smoke released as a result of smoking mainly contributes to the indoor air pollution both in homes and offices. It even releases carcinogens.
This toxin too is released from building material, tiles and paints.
Although, the current situation of indoor air quality seems bleak in India, but luckily, it can still be countered. All we need to do is to take simple steps like growing household plants, reducing the use of synthetic products wherever possible, using beeswax candles instead of paraffin.